the british civil war - the people extensive links to people of the english civil war period of the 17th century   

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1. Charles I
Biographies | Idea of Kingship
Trial & Execution
2. "Who's Who" in the background
    period of the civil wars
3. Personalities of the Civil War Period
4. Civilian life in the 17th century
General sites | Local studies | Women
5. Oliver Cromwell (separate page)
Outline biographies
Academic articles & assessments
 Our sites on the civil war period (1630-1660):
  Background to civil war period
  People of the civil war
  Military Events
  Beliefs & ideas
  The Commonwealth & Protectorate
  The 1660 Restoration Settlement
  Site Map - Civil War period (1630-60)       

        Revision, 1646-52

        Revision, Cromwell



casahistoria is recommended by many sites including:




1. Charles I                                                   go to top of page


  • Charles I Basic Chronology until 1642 with links to key events.
  • Charles I Chronology: World History Database Rather over linked but a good timeline.
  • Charles I An essay from The British Civil Wars & Commonwealth (BCW&C) website
  • e book King Charles I Complete online bio. Use the contents page here to browse the chapters from Pauline Gregg: King Charles I.  Berkeley:  University of California Press,  1984
  • Society of King Charles the Martyr Takes a little time to load but this is a very different Charles site set up to honour Charles the Saint by an Anglican devotional society dedicated to the cult of S. Charles, King and Martyr. Gives a taste of Anglican piety....
  • Poetry of Charles a poem attributed to Charles I but its authorship remains uncertain ...
  • Historian exposes secret sex life of Charles I Article describing recent research that appears to show a more "robust" side to Charles I!
Ideas of Kingship


Trial & execution



2. "Who's Who" in the background period of the civil wars

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casahistoria home                              visit caféhistoria for updates and current topic news




3. Personalities of the Civil War Period  go to top of page



  • Goring, George, Lord Royalist cavalry commander admired by some for his bravery, brilliance and charm; reviled by others for his drunkenness, debauchery and irresponsibility. A biographical essay from the BCW&C site
  • Ralph Hopton Hopton was the chairman of the parliamentary committee which presented the Grand Remonstrance to King Charles I...but he later defected to the royalist cause. Eventually appointed commander-in-chief of the Royalist western army.
  • Maurice of the Palatine Prince  It is often suggested that Prince Maurice was merely Prince Rupert's shadow, following him around, but contributing little himself. In fact, Prince Maurice's military career, both before and during the Civil War, saw him acting quite independently of his brother. (ECWSA)
  • Montrose, Marquis Scottish general and Royalist hero who won a series of spectacular victories in Scotland against the Covenanters in 1644-5.  (BCW&C)
  • Newcastle, Marquis Royalist magnate and commander of the King's forces in the north of England 1642-4. (BCW&C)
  • Ormond, Marquis Leading nobleman of the 'Old English' aristocracy of Ireland who briefly succeeded in uniting various Irish factions in support of King Charles. (BCW&C)
  • Prince Rupert of the Rhine King Charles' nephew and commander of the Royalist cavalry. One of the most charismatic of the Royalist leaders, but thwarted by jealousy and rivalry amongst King Charles' courtiers. Basic bio listing.
    • Rupert of the Rhine, Prince (BCW&C) essay
    • Prince Rupert, 1619-82 1982 marks the tercentenary of the death of Prince Rupert, the most brilliant of Charles I's generals. As Hugh Trevor-Roper here documents, he was single-minded in his chosen craft of war, but Rupert was never able to grasp the complexities of the contemporary situation. Published in History Today, Volume: 32 Issue: 3 Currently free access. May change and trial subscription needed.
    • Prince Rupert and Boy Amusing site tells the story and anecdotes surrounding Rupert and his pet dog....
  • A Cavalier Defence Decadent, effeminate, outdated, the image of the Cavalier remains that of his enemies, victorious in the Civil Wars. John Stubbs offers a rather more complex corrective view. Published in History Today, Volume: 61 Issue: 2 Currently free access. May change and trial subscription needed.




Oliver Cromwell  Click for extensive links from the casahistoria "Commonwealth and Protectorate" site. Links cover:
  • Outline biographies
  • Academic articles & assessments
  • Blake, Robert A popular hero of the Roundheads through his dogged defence of Lyme and Taunton during the civil war. Became an admiral under the Commonwealth and is regarded as second only to Nelson in British naval history. (BCW&C) site
  • Essex, Earl of Aristocratic commander of the Parliamentary army for the first three years of the Civil War. An erratic general whose overall lack of success prompted the formation of the New Model Army. (BCW&C).
  • Fairfax, Sir Thomas, Lord (BCW&C).
  • Harrison, Thomas Cromwellian army officer who rose to high military and political office. A leader of the fanatical Fifth Monarchy Men and an unrepentant Regicide. (BCW&C)
  • Ireton, Henry Cromwell's right-hand man in his dealings with the Levellers and a leading architect of the King's trial and execution. Cool, taciturn and intellectual in contrast to Cromwell's passion and emotion. (BCW&C)
  • Lambert, John Gained a brilliant reputation as a Parliamentarian officer in the Civil Wars and was highly active in Commonwealth politics, leading the last military resistance to the Restoration (BW&C)
  • Lilburne, John Radical political firebrand who began his career as a martyr for Puritan doctrine, became a champion of the Levellers and political democracy, and ended his days as a Quaker and pacifist. (BCW&C)
  • Manchester, Earl of  Commander of Parliament's Eastern Association army whose generalship was fiercely criticised by Oliver Cromwell. (BCW&C)
  • General Monck Excellent site to the political survivor which includes excerpts from Monck's book Observations Upon Political and Military Affairs.
    • Monck, George  Professional soldier who fought for both sides during the Civil Wars. He attained high office under Cromwell's Protectorate, then gained a dukedom by securing the Restoration of Charles II. (BCW&C)
  • Waller, Sir William  The leading Parliamentary commander in southern England during the first three years of the Civil War, later a political leader of the Presbyterian faction in the House of Commons. (BCW&C) essay


Not found who you want? Try the ever expanding BCW&C list of Biographies



4. Civilian life 

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General sites on everyday life:

Many of these articles are written and provided by Civil war enactment societies to make their re-enactments of battles as authentic as possible. They help give an insight into 17th century life.
Local studies Women & the English Civil War


  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography In the UK if you are a public or college library card holder you can access (free of charge) its excellent biographies by just entering your local library membership number (on your library card) in the box provided. Many public, university, and institutional libraries elsewhere in the world subscribe, and should offer remote access. (If your library doesn't subscribe, try a free trial ….) Even if you have no access use these names as a suggestion as to who to search out for on the web. Look for the biographies on:
  • Bankes, Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder who defended the family home  and then fought the Commonwealth fines & sequestrations through the courts
  • Brilliana, Lady Harley (bap. 1598, d. 1643), During the English Civil War, in the absence of  husband and sons, she defended her home, Brampton Bryan Castle during a seven week siege by Royalist troops. She died of pneumonia in the 1643 Siege of Gloucester.
  • Fanshawe [née Harrison], Ann, Lady Fanshawe (1625–1680), autobiographer
  • Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles I
  • Henriette Anne [formerly Henrietta], Princess, duchess of Orléans (1644–1670 the sixth and youngest of the children of Charles I
  • Stanley, Charlotte, countess of Derby (1599–1664), noblewoman and royalist heroine
  • Stuart, Katherine, Lady (d. 1650), 1643 conspirator for Charles, then mediator between Parliament and the exiled Stuarts


           Caught in the middle!!
  • Greene, Anne (c.1628–1659), survivor of execution  for puritan crime of being ‘led … into the foul and fearful sin of fornication’
  • Trapnel, Anna (fl. 1642–1660), self-styled prophet. At her 1654 trial she was accused of witchcraft, madness, whoredom, vagrancy, and seditious intent but defended herself as a free single woman (and hence masterless), whose right to pray, publish, and travel were founded in common and divine law, backed by her rights as taxpayer.


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