weimar germany and the rise of hitler   

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  weimar cabaret.... casahistoria - web site for students of modern history!

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□  Weimar Overview
1. Background events before 1919
Impact of World War 1
Impact of the Russian Revolution
2. Birth of the Weimar Republic, 1919-21
Formation of the Republic
Political ideologies of the left
3. Early Problems, 1921-4
Treaty of Versailles | Inflation
4. Emergence of the NSDAP
Ideas behind National Socialism
5. Weimar 1925-6: Stresemann
6. Collapse, & Rise of Hitler, 1929-1933
Wall Street Crash | Growing Extremism | 1933
7. Art & Culture
8. Weimar General Sites

Other core casahistoria Third Reich pages:
  Hitler Home & Structure of the Hitler State
Background | Ideas | The Nazi State: Leadership & Party | Control, Propaganda & Art |Economics
  Living in the Nazi State:
Social Policy (KDF |Youth |Education )
Persecution (Antisocials, Jewish Attacks, 1933-39|Final solution)
  Women & Family in Nazi Germany
Role of Women | Women & Art | Eugenics & sterilisation |Women & Concentration Camps |Women & War
  The End of the Reich

Resistance | The Impact of Bombing |Death of Hitler | Collapse of the Reich

  Related casahistoria sites
Single Party States · Ideologies of left & right ·
Mussolini · Franco · Lenin ·  Stalin ·

   Site Map - Single Party States microsite 



casahistoria is recommended by many sites including:




Weimar Overview
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1. Background events before 1919
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Impact of World War 1

Impact of the Russian Revolution

See also casahistoria Russian Revolution and World War 1 pages


2. The Birth of the Republic

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Formation of the Republic Political ideologies of the left

Single Party States See also this casahistoria page for sites on the ideologies of left & right.


3. Early Problems, 1921-4 

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Treaty of Versailles Inflation



4. Emergence of NSDAP

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Click on these casahistoria units from the casahistoria Hitler site: 

Political Ideology of the Right: Ideas behind National Socialism

See also casahistoria Single Party States for links to sites on the ideologies of left & right.

  • Fascism This grid is an excellent place to start. Visually it might answer all your questions. Produced by the Australian the Duffy Resource Centre. This is no longer maintained outside an intranet. This copy is the Wayback copy and may be slow to load. Use the list by either clicking through for the saved page or by copying the url directly into your browser. §
  • Fascism A clear and concise account of the origins and development of Fascism by Dr C Jazwinski. The original site is now offline. This is a copy.
  • Fascism in Europe: Documents and articles Excellent selection from the Mosaic Perspectives on western civilisation site  §
  • Trotsky on Fascism - What It Is and How To Fight It Discover Leo Trotsky's attitude towards fascism through a pamphlet he wrote in the 1930's. Read his definition of the movement.
  • Race and Visualism Interesting look at impact of fascism (and other influences) on how society has visualised itself. By William Washabaugh (This is the 2004 version. Later versions are less applicable here)  §



5. Weimar 1926-29: The Stresemann Years & Prosperity 

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  • The Good Years of the Weimar Republic Article by Professor Gerhard Rempel, Western New England College.
  • Gustav Stresemann A detailed biography of Stresemann, 1926 Nobel Peace Prize winner. However, beware this account is the official Nobel site and makes little attempt at a critical evaluation.
  • Stresemann, Gustav  Detailed, good account. This article was written by Rudolf Morsey, Professor of Modern History at the Postgraduate School for Administrative Sciences, Speyer, Germany. He is the author of Die deutsche Zentrumspartei, 1917-1923 (1966).
  • Stresemann Spartacus biography with documentary support
  • Paul von Hindenburg This biography from the BBC discusses Hindenburg, famous Field Marshall who became the Weimar Republic’s second president from 1925 – 1934; he appointed Hitler as Chancellor.
Foreign policy


6. Collapse, 1929-1933 & rise of Hitler

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The Wall Street Crash Growing Extremism 1933
Hitler For extensive links to Hitler's Germany go to the casahistoria site.


7. Weimar Art & Culture

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  • Weimar Culture Short introductory piece by Prof. Raffael Scheck, Colby College, Maine. Extracted from his useful Germany & Europe 1871-1945
  • Information about: Weimar culture Many linked overview of the cultural scene in Weimar Germany. Good place to start perhaps.
  • Cultural Life in the Republic Essay with focus on Architecture and Philosophy. Professor Rempel, Western New England College.
  • Modernism Web site of the V&A exhibition in London (May-July '06) the V&A. Very useful site bringing together a mass of exhibits, drawings and photos it looks at the development of the movement in the interwar period. The focus is rightly on developments in central & eastern Europe and index can be centred on countries individually.
  • Weimar Cinema – Between Classical Cinema and Avant-Garde. Very detailed, well linked and illustrated site to all aspects of Weimar cinema - expressionism, rivalry with Hollywood, perceptions of films of such as those of Fritz Lang over time. German Film Institute. This is the English version which is thorough, however the German site is more detailed still:
  • Hollywood in Berlin: American Cinema and Weimar Germany The setting is 1920s Berlin, cultural heart of Europe and the era's only serious cinematic rival to Hollywood. Thomas Saunders explores an outstanding example of one of the most important cultural developments of this century: global Americanization through the motion picture. (University of California Press, 1994)
Literature Architecture Visual Arts
  • German Art  from Spartacus. Covers entire interwar period.
  • Der Blaue Reiter: Paintings by artists from the Blue Rider art movement are found here along with additional biographical articles. The site is in German but most of the linked biographies are in English.
  • Ernst Barlach Link to the Barlach Museum. Excellent site to the artist and sculptor. In German, but easily navigable for the many images
  • George Grosz Artist associated with the Dada movement in Berlin Born 26 July 1893 in Berlin, died 6 July 1959 in Berlin. Click here for images of his best known works
  • Otto Dix (1891-1969),  German Expressionist, was famous for his unique and grotesque style. Although Hitler's Nazi regime destroyed many of Otto Dix's works, the majority of his paintings can still be seen in museums throughout Germany. This is a guide to the best known
  • Otto Dix: A biography of Dix is found here along with excerpts from interviews, critics' judgments, and additional information. Unfortunately, there are only a few examples of Dix's work, but overall the site is worth visiting.
  • Käthe Kollwitz Link to the Kollwitz Museum in Cologne for this powerful expressionist artist of the period. Well set out as an interactive tour. Also in  German. See also the (English language) site of the private Käthe-Kollwitz-Museum in Berlin.
  • Kathe Kollwitz - Symbol of Letting Go "Kathe Kollwitz had a long talk with her son, Peter, when he decided to volunteer in 1914; and she gave him her blessing, and regretted it for the rest of her life. Jay Winter looks at one aspect of the impact of World War 1 on the artist.
  • German Cabaret Concise but good site, looks at cabaret from its Munich roots to the Berlin Cabaret familiar to many through the hit musical Cabaret, Bob Fosse's highly atmospheric film, images of smoke-filled clubs, semi-naked women, and Marlene Dietrich as femme fatale Lola Lola in The Blue Angel.
  • Information on German Cabaret and related areas Many links from Wisconsin....



8. General links to the Weimar period 

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  • Germany 1919–1939 School site from johndclare.net Looks at the Weimar/Hitler period in very structured way (but navigation can be difficult). Many subsidiary links in the format of the current guided learning UK style textbooks with each section having a basic outline narrative text, then documents and exercises. (includes the exercises used by the school - good practice). Worthwhile as a basic starter for structure
  • Weimar Republic Basic, but well detailed and linked outline from the LearningSite.
  • Brief Weimar Timeline Part of a college history course, this page contains a very basic timeline of Weimar Germany, and a short crib-sheet on economic, political and Nazi problems which continues here.  §
  • The Weimar Republic A detailed and analytical examination of the Weimar era in seven parts (links to all are included on this page where relevant. You wnat to look at section D which begins with an in-depth look at how the Treaty of Versailles treated Germany, and moves on to consider the constitution (and its apparent failure), as well as uprisings and culture. The site includes a timeline.
  • The Weimar Republic and the Third Reich A chronology



the casahistoria Hitler's Germany core sites:
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  Hitler's Rise to Power & Collapse of Weimar
  Hitler Home Page & Structure of the Hitler State

  Living in the Nazi State
  Women & Family in Nazi Germany
  The End of the Reich  



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